Osteopenia - no bone about it
Strong health requires strong bones. And bone mineral density tests are a great way to measure our bone health.
It’s a test that compares your bone density to others in your age and gender.
When our bone mass is very low, it’s called osteoporosis. And when it’s not low enough to be called osteoporosis, it’s instead called osteopenia.
The best way to increase bone mass and or slow down the loss of bone is to do weight bearing exercises such as walking, and eat foods that are good sources of calcium and vitamin D.
Weight bearing exercises require you to work against gravity and are the best for increasing bone health.
In addition to walking, this includes climbing stairs, dancing, and lifting weights. Exercises such as cycling and swimming will strengthen muscles but are not as great for increasing bone health.
Calcium supplementation has a minor affect on reducing bone fracture risk, even when taken with vitamin D.
Certain calcium supplements, such as those containing calcium carbonate, increase the risk of kidney stones.
And there is recent evidence indicating calcium supplements increase the potential for adverse cardiovascular health, but not so when calcium is obtained from food.